London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The River Thames runs through the city.
London is the biggest city in western Europe, and the world's largest financial centre.
London is about 2000 years old. London was founded by the Romans. It was called Londinium by the Romans. London was also called Lunnainn in Scottish Gaelic, Llundain in Welsh and Londain in Irish.
For a long time, London was a small city. All its people lived inside the walls built by the Romans. This area is still called the City of London. There were many villages around the city. Gradually, more people came to live there. Then, step by step, the villages joined together into one huge city.
London is one of the world's most important cities for business, finance, and politics. It is also important for culture: media, entertainment, fashion, and art.
The most famous landmarks in London are: